Rational choice and moral agency by David Schmidtz

Cover of: Rational choice and moral agency | David Schmidtz

Published by Princeton University Press in Princeton, N.J .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Ethics.,
  • Rationalism.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 265-271) and index.

Book details

StatementDavid Schmidtz.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsBJ1012 .S346 1995
The Physical Object
Paginationxii, 283 p. :
Number of Pages283
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1094594M
ISBN 10069103401X
LC Control Number94019059

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"An exceptionally clear, well-argued, and blessedly jargon-free book to answer the question `Why be moral?' This book far richer than can be detailed here, should be read by anyone interested in contemporary ethics and/or rational choice theory. Highly recommended." (Choice) "A compelling, commonsensical look at a difficult issueCited by: Get this from a library.

Rational choice and moral agency. [David Schmidtz] -- Is it rational to be moral. How do rationality and morality fit together with being human. These questions are at the heart of David Schmidtz's exploration of the connections between rationality and.

Part I. Rational choice --Why be rational. --Choosing strategies --Choosing ends --Comparing ends --Reasons for altruism --Part II.

Moral agency --Because it's right --Social structure and moral constraint --Moral dualism --Objections and replies --Part III.

Reconciliation --Why be moral. Responsibility: David Schmidtz. Rational choice theory is based on the premise of individual self-interested utility maximization.

Organizational theory is based on the premise of efficient functioning of organizations through means/ends rationality within organizations. Organizational economic theory, which consists of transactions cost economics and agency theory, forms an. Is it rational to be moral.

How do rationality and morality fit together with being human. These questions are at the heart of David Schmidtz's exploration of the connections between rationality and morality. This inquiry leads into both metaethics and rational choice theory, as Schmidtz develops conceptions of what it is to be moral and what it is to be rational.

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Rational Choice Theory, Cognitive Revisions, Psychological, Social, and Material Embeddedness, Moral Agency, Theory Fragmentation 1. Introduction The rational choice approach, of which classical game theory is a variant, has been until recently the dominant approach for conceptualizing human action in the social Size: KB.

The Success and Failure of Rational Choice 3 Given all this, it can be said without great controversy that no other theoretical approach in this century has ever enjoyed the same level of ubiquity throughout the social sciences as the rational choice approach enjoys today. Despite this ubiquity, the success of the approach has been very Size: KB.

Rational choice theory is an economic principle that states that individuals always make prudent and logical decisions. These decisions provide people with the greatest benefit or satisfaction. David Schmidtz, Rational Choice and Moral Agency Reviewed By.

Anita M. Superson - - Philosophy in Review 16 (2) Book Review:Rational Choice and Moral s: Anita Superson, University of Kentucky. Of all published articles, the following were the most read within the past 12 months. Rational choice theory, also known as choice theory or rational action theory, is a framework for understanding and often formally modeling social and economic behavior.

The basic premise of rational choice theory is that aggregate social behavior results from the behavior of individual actors, each of whom is making their individual decisions. Rational Choice and Moral Agency: : Schmidtz, David: Libri in altre lingue.

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Tutte le categorie. VAI Ricerca Ciao Author: David Schmidtz. Rational Choice and Moral Agency. Creator. Schmidtz, David. Bibliographic Citation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, p. Permanent Link Find in a Library Rational Choice Theory Considered as Psychology and Moral Philosophy  Mongin, Philippe () Related Items in Google Scholar.

In economics, game theory, decision theory, and artificial intelligence, a rational agent is an agent that has clear preferences, models uncertainty via expected values of variables or functions of variables, and always chooses to perform the action with the optimal expected outcome for itself from among all feasible actions.

A rational agent can be anything that makes decisions. business ethics as rational choice Download business ethics as rational choice or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get business ethics as rational choice book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.

Rationality and Moral Authority. Motivation and Moral Choice in Kant’s Theory of Rational Agency. This book shows that for Locke, to be a moral Author: David Copp.

Modern sociological theory has to a considerable degree been fashioned in reaction to assumptions about human rationality. This important volume argues in favour of re-establishing rather relaxed assumptions of rationality as a basis for building theory.

Although such theories often fail, they prove to be more successful in building predictive and deductive models of. In other words, critics of this theory say that this is not how people think. A further criticism is that rational choice theorists have been content to use close-enough approximations of human.

The neat causality of rational choice ontology, always at odds with quantum physics, was further jumbled by the environmental crisis, exposed by Rachel Carson’s book “The Silent Spring,” which revealed that the causal effects of human actions were much more complex, and so less predicable, than previously thought.

Rational Choice Theory and Organizational Theory: A Critique is the first single-authored volume to analyze and present an alternative model to decision making theory and serves as a companion to Decision Making (Sage, ). rational choice theory from rational choice theory as it appears in deontological (duty-oriented) ethics.

A line of argument characteristic of Kantian ethics, the dominant tradition in deontology, begins with the proposition that choices must rational because agency itself is rational. TheFile Size: KB. Rational choice theory (RCT) is a method of formally describing decisionmaking situations to explain, predict, or prescribe a course of action.

(Rational choice theorists disagree among themselves over whether the theory is properly seen as. Economic theories look at the ways in which the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services are organized through money. Rational choice theorists have argued that the same general principles can be used to understand human interactions where time, information, approval, and prestige are the resources being : Ashley Crossman.

Rational choice theory, also called rational action theory or choice theory, school of thought based on the assumption that individuals choose a course of action that is most in line with their personal al choice theory is used to model human decision making, especially in the context of microeconomics, where it helps economists better understand the behaviour of a.

The theory of rational choice is the product of the work of a large number of authors whose goal has been to construct a theory and models of human choice. For Ostrom, the most influential and important scholars in this tradition are Arrow (), Downs (), Olson (), William (), and Buchanan and Tullock ().

In this article, a concise argument for computational rationality as a basis for artificial moral agency is advanced. Some ethicists have long argued that rational agents can become artificial moral agents.

However, most of their views have come from purely philosophical perspectives, thus making it difficult to transfer their arguments to a scientific and analytical Author: Bongani Andy Mabaso.

Book Review:Rational Choice and Moral Agency. David Schmidtz. [REVIEW] Daniel M. Farrell - - Ethics (3) Rational Choice Theories of Justice. Calum Alasdair Macdonald - - Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles.

David. A nontechnical, concise, and rigorous introduction to the rational choice paradigm, focusing on basic insights applicable in fields ranging from economics to philosophy. This book offers a rigorous, concise, and nontechnical introduction to some of the fundamental insights of rational choice theory.

It draws on formal theories of microeconomics, decision making, games, and. Rational Choice and Moral Agency, David Schmidtz.

Princeton University Press,xii + pages. The main purpose of this paper is to provide a brief overview of the rational choice approach, followed by an identification of several of the major criticisms of RCT and its conceptual and empirical limitations.

It goes on to present a few key initiatives to develop alternative, more realistic approaches which transcend some of the limitations of Rational Choice Theory (RCT).Cited by: 7. Moral psychology is a broad area at the intersection of moral philosophy and philosophy of mind and action.

Essays in this collection deal with most of the central issues in moral psychology that are of interest to a large number of philosophers today, including important questions in normative ethical theory, meta-ethics, and applied ethics. Yoshimichi Sato,‘Rational choice theory’,DOI: / 1 Overview of theoretical approaches The purpose of rational choice theory is to explain social phenomena by assuming rational choice at the actor’s level (Coleman, ; Hechter and Kanazawa, ).

It has been argued that rational choice theory. Most philosophers suggest only rational beings, who can reason and form self-interested judgments, are capable of being moral agents.

Some suggest those with limited rationality (for example, people who are mildly mentally disabled or. Rational choice is a general grouping of theoretical perspectives, which explains social outcomes by constructing models of the person's actions and the social context they are in.

Rational choice theory builds on the idea that actions are rational, when the individual calculates the likely costs and benefits of any action before proceeding to act. Most philosophers suggest only rational beings, who can reason and form self-interested judgments, are capable of being moral agents.

Some suggest those with limited rationality (for example, people who are mildly mentally disabled or infants[1]) also have some basic moral capabilities.[3]. Rational Choice Theory is flourishing in sociology and is increasingly influential in other disciplines.

Contributors to this volume are convinced that it provides an inadequate conceptualization of all aspects of decision making: of the individuals who make the decisions, of the process by which decisions get made and of the context within which decisions get made.

Ethics as Rational Choice John Hooker Tepper School of Business Carnegie Mellon University Revised February Ethics can be viewed as rational choice. A decision must have a consistent rationale behind it, or else it is not an ethical decision.

Rationality may not be a sufficient criterion for ethical choice, but it is Size: 96KB. Gaus, Gerald. “It Can’t Be Rational Choice All the Way Down: Comprehensive Hobbesianism and the Origins of the Moral Order.” In Peter Boettke, Virgil Storr, and Solomon Stein, eds., Tensions in the Political Economy Project of James M.

Buchanan, – Arlington: Mercatus Center. Google Scholar. Build business ethics expertise through application. Business Ethics as Rational Choice focuses on building decision-making skills so that readers can arrive at, and defend, personal or company decisions in an objective, and convincing, : Pearson.

Trust, Affirmation, and Moral Character: A Critique of Kantian Morality. Laurence Thomas. PDF ( MB) Why Honesty Is a Hard Virtue. Annette C. Baier. PDF ( MB) Higher-Order Discrimination.

Adrian M. S. Piper. PDF ( MB) Obligation and Performance: A Kantian Account of Moral Conflict. Barbara Herman. PDF (2 MB) Rational.In Rational Choice in an Uncertain World, renowned authors Hastie and Dawes compare the basic principles of rationality with actual behavior in making describe theories and research finding from the field of judgement and decision making in a non-technical manner, using anecdotes as a teaching device/5.ed to examine rational choice theory in a vari-ety of areas of social life and forms of social action.

A challenging and important empirical puz-zle for rational choice theory concerns the social control of criminal behavior. Crime is a difficult case for rational choice theory.

In the case of street crime, behavior is typically char.

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